By Cyrus Ernesto Zirakzadeh
Combining insights from historic research with the collective-action tuition of political sociology, Cyrus Zirakzadeh argues that there has been a calculative, instrumental size to the behaviour of the Basque progressive staff, ETA, that students too frequently forget. This paintings elaborates at the social and monetary issues of participants of ETA and the Basque Nationalist occasion, recounts debates inside of ETA over the political effectiveness of armed fight, and discusses the impression of neighborhood social activities and nationalist and non-nationalist ideologies on etarras' (ETA contributors) pondering.
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Extra info for A Rebellious People: Basques, Protests, And Politics (The Basque Series)
It adopts what might be called an economic view of modernization, in which capitalist development creates new problems (job obsolescence, business cycles, impersonal relations at work) that producers and consumers must cope with. Even these explicitly economic motivations, however, did not lead directly to armed action. Local and short-term political circumstancesincluding the rise of nonviolent rural protest, the militancy of labor unions, and the infighting and alliance building within the Basque Nationalist partyaffected the decisions of local political activists.
Chapter 1 describes some of the economic conditions and concerns that gave rise to local social movements during the 1960s and 1970s. Chapter 2 describes various incidents of rural protest during the late Francoist and early post-Francoist years. Chapter 3 sketches the complex history of proletarian politics in the Basque regionespecially the evolution of factory juries and factory assemblies during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Chapter 4 focuses on the novel urban-neighborhood association movement that flourished during the final decade of the Francoist regime, and then languished.
8 It is, in short, a highly nostalgic ideology that can attract the socially displaced and easily reinforce their natural hostilities to modern, industrial society. Most scholars and journalists who write for English-speaking audiences also generally avoid attributing political violence in the Basque region to either economic grievances or concrete class interest. They usually note that the levels of economic production and of per capita consumption are measurably higher there than in other parts of Spain.
A Rebellious People: Basques, Protests, And Politics (The Basque Series) by Cyrus Ernesto Zirakzadeh