By Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull
American Coastal Defences 1885-1950 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ American Coastal Defences 1885-1950 (Fortress forty four) ByTerrance McGovernPublisher:Os Publishing2006 64PagesISBN: 1841769223PDF19 MBA new around of fortification development begun within the usa and its in a foreign country territories within the late-19th century, which benefited from the newest know-how and the rise in America's around the globe fiscal stature. This ebook presents a concise advent to the layout, improvement and objective of yank coastal defenses within the 'modern interval' (1885-1950), a interval outlined via concrete, metal, and robust breech-loading rifles. full of interval and modern day photographs of the fortifications, and written through a number one specialist, it covers the emplacements, weaponry, apparatus, and other people that defended their state in occasions of significant swap and uncertainty.sharingmatrixletitbit zero
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Extra info for American Coastal Defences 1885-1950
Transportation was a major quartermaster responsibility, The isolation of most seacoast forts meant most men and supplies were transported by vvater. The quartermasters supplied the ships and also built and maintained the wharves, a considerable expense where they were exposed to stonns. Official quartermaster photo of Building 10, an Endicott-Taft barracks at Fort Michie, on Great Gull Island, NY, in Long Island Sound. (NARA Textual) ABOVE Permanent structures Most of the non-tactical structures at the forts constructed during the EndicottTaft period were designed to be permanent.
High explosive (HE) projectiles contained the maximum explosive charge, to attack the unarmored portion of ships. Black powder was an unsatisfactory explosive charge; after the turn of the century, it was replaced by high explosives, primarily "explosive D" (ammonium picrate). Beginning around 1905, the points of AI' projectiles were covered by small caps of softer metal, to improve their armor penetration. By 1910, new projectiles were longer, and fitted with thin metal ballistic windshields. The improved aerodynamic shape significantly increased the range.
Obsolete devices were omitted and new equipment installed, while redundant systems were provided for key functions. Meanwhile, older batteries were modified at considerable expense and effort, although a few whose design or location did not justify their maintenance were abandoned. Spanish-American War emergency batteries Before the rearmament sparked by the Endicott Report had progressed very far, the country went to war with Spain, and an exaggerated fear of the Spanish fleet swept the Atlantic and Gulf seaboards.
American Coastal Defences 1885-1950 by Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull