By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the greatly lengthy and complicated cultural historical past of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an summary of pre-Columbian historic occasions and events with a attention of vital learn difficulties and efforts and locations the final flowering of indigenous advanced civizations inside their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
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Additional info for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
C. 3121, a short time before the beginning of the present calendrical cycle, with the birth of a deity couple. They in turn produced three gods who were venerated in historical times in three adjoining temples in Palenque, as well as others. C. D. 397 (see ge- Page 17 nealogy of Palenque). Until the end of the sixth century little more than the names are known of the successive rulers. Then wars are reported, albeit without details, between sites like Pia (modern: Pomoná) and Toniná and Palenque, where the political stability may have suffered because of difficulties in the succession of rulers.
There were only very few specially favorable locations, mostly at seacoasts, where this was possible without growing nutrients; otherwise settlements and the domestication of plants occurred at the same time. C. Starting at this time one can recognize settlements of various sizes and ranks, centers of political and religious importance, solid "public" buildings for various purposes, artwork, and parts of the population who specialized in something other than direct food production. , the earliest typically Mesoamerican culture appeared, without any recognizable local precursors and in an ecologically unfavorable area on the southern Gulf Coast near the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
Only very few cultures of ancient America developed written historical chronicles, and of these many have not been preserved or have been destroyed on purpose. For the remaining cultures only the conditions prevalent at the time of the Conquest can be used to project backward. Since the roots of these conditions can be assumed to be in earlier periods, backward projection has an invaluable significance. Finally, archaeological research supplements this, and indeed is the only tool for reaching time periods that are further removed.
Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem