By Nic Fields
The improvement of the city-state within the Classical interval of Greek heritage ensured a shift within the nature of fortifications within the sector. now not have been fortresses designed to guard a ruler and his entourage, really the complete of the citizen physique needed to be shielded from any open air threats. The enceintes of those Greek city-states didn't have to be very excessive or powerful as city-state clash used to be nonetheless determined by means of spear and guard, notwithstanding a few notion used to be nonetheless given to the technology of fortification. This e-book information the development and ongoing improvement of the defences that safe one of the most illustrious websites in Greece through the most renowned interval of her historical past.
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Additional info for Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC
As Marshal de la Feuillade demonstrated at Turin in 1706, any fool could mess up a siege of a Vauban fortress if he ignored the scientific principles of siegecraft, attacked the strongest point rather than the weakest, and relied on mass assaults with infantry rather than a systematic approach with sappers and miners. Vauban called such reckless assaults attacks 'a la Coehoorn', since the great Dutch engineer often found a place for them in his sieges; but the difference was that Menno van Coehoorn knew exactly how to prepare and time them correctly, and his personal flair meant he could normally use them to good effect.
In 1689 Coehoorn was able to capture Kaiserworth in just two days, and then eventually Bonn. The French were meanwhile still continuing to make significant and sometimes spectacular advances, including the recapture of a number of fortresses that Vauban himself had strengthened. In 1694, however, Coehoorn struck again to take Huy, following through in 1695 with a hurricane bombardment of Namur which led to the embarrassingly rapid capitulation of that place. This came as a great shock to the French, and forced Vauban to mount a full analytical postmortem to preserve his own reputation as a fortress builder.
Adding insult to injury this fortification was adorned with exceptionally rich ornamentation, and the plan relief that was made of it was particularly lavish, thereby underlining the impression that it was 'a toy of princes' rather than a serious defence against external threats. Buildings of this type (not least at Marseille) planted a deep and long-standing association of royal fortifications with naked oppression and the ABOVE Plan relief of Fenestrelle, a fortress that was built by Vauban on the 'Italian' side of the Alps, and then passed back to Savoy by treaty.
Ancient Greek Fortifications 500-300 BC by Nic Fields