Read e-book online Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage PDF

By Laurajane Smith

ISBN-10: 0203307992

ISBN-13: 9780203307991

ISBN-10: 0415318327

ISBN-13: 9780415318327

ISBN-10: 0415318335

ISBN-13: 9780415318334

This arguable ebook is a survey of the way relationships among indigenous peoples and the archaeological institution have gotten into hassle, and a very important pointer to how one can flow ahead from this point.

With lucid value determinations of key debates akin to NAGPRA, Kennewick and the repatriation of Tasmanian artefacts, Laurajane Smith dissects the character and effects of this conflict of cultures.

Smith explores how indigenous groups within the united states and Australia have faced the pre-eminence of archaeological idea and discourse within the method the fabric continues to be in their earlier are cared for and regulated, and the way this has challenged conventional archaeological proposal and practice.

Essential studying for all these curious about constructing a simply and equivalent discussion among the 2 events, and the function of archaeology within the study and administration in their heritage.

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The normative perception in this State held that Truganini who died in 1876 was the ‘Last Tasmanian’ Aboriginal (Ryan 1972, 1981; Maykutenner 1995). She was the last so-called ‘full-blooded’ Tasmanian, and following her death Tasmanian Aboriginal people were redefined as ‘descendants’ only and their legitimacy as Aboriginal people was denied (Ryan 1981). Ideas of ‘race’ have also played a significant role in underpinning polices of ‘assimilation’ (Cowlishaw 1987; Markus 1994). Assumptions that cultural identity is biologically determined drove the emphasis on blood quantum (Tatz 1992: 80).

Further, it is a term that is also underlined by a colonial discourse that classified peoples as ‘primitives’ or ‘civilized’, and that saw the period of prehistory as inherently primitive. Indeed the discourse of much contemporary archaeology is embedded with terms that carry unpleasant colonial baggage. For instance, the use of terms such as ‘civilization’ to describe cultures with extensive material assemblages, or the use of ‘evolution’ in describing cultural or technological development, or the adherence to the three age system of dating (stone, bronze and iron), amongst others, are all implicated in and embedded with colonial cultural chauvinism.

Moreover, as Russell Means argues, AIM reasserted a sense of American Indian cultural pride that underwrote the cultural revival movement (1988, quoted in Churchill 2003: 285–6). Miller (1986) also identifies a sense of cultural revival that both underpinned and developed out of the Australian Land Rights Movement. These revivals were both an act of resistance and of survival in the face of the history of assimilation and contemporary racial stereotyping and discrimination (Keefe 1988; Gulliford 2000; Hill 2001).

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Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage by Laurajane Smith

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