By Richard C Brown
This booklet is a background, research, and feedback of what the writer calls postmodern interpretations of technology (PIS) and the heavily comparable sociology of medical wisdom (SSK). This circulate lines its beginning to Thomas Kuhn's innovative paintings, The constitution of medical Revolutions (1962), yet is extra severe. It believes that technology is a social development , having little to do with nature, and depends on contextual forces similar to the race, classification, gender of the scientist, laboratory politics, or the wishes of the army commercial complicated. because the Seventies, PIS has turn into trendy within the humanities, social sciences, and ethnic or women's experiences, in addition to within the new educational self-discipline of technology, know-how, and Society (STS). it's been attacked by way of quite a few authors and the ensuing conflicts resulted in the so-called technology Wars of the Nineties. whereas the current ebook can also be severe of PIS, it makes a speciality of its highbrow and political origins and attempts to appreciate why it turned influential within the Seventies. The booklet is either an highbrow and a political background. It examines the recommendations of Karl Popper, Karl Mannheim, Ludwik Fleck, Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, David Bloor, Steve Woolgar, Steve Shapin, Bruno Latour, and PIS-like doctrines in arithmetic. It additionally describes quite a few philosophical contributions to PIS starting from the Greek sophists to twentieth century post-structuralists and argues that the disturbed political surroundings of the Vietnam battle period was once severe to the increase of PIS. Contents: Rip van Winkle Awakes; A Golden Age and Its finish; elements within the PIS Bouillabaisse; A Canary within the Mine; The Unmasking of cause; concept kinds and inspiration Collectives; The Reluctant innovative; whatever is going; The Sociological assault; The Deconstruction of arithmetic; Epistemic concerns; The Fallibility of Conventionalism and Fallibilism; Madison in 1973; Kto Kogo?.
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Additional resources for Are Science And Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science (Nonlinear Science)
From this experience cultural relativism blossomed not just as a methodology for anthropologists, but as a moral and intellectual imperative,11 reflecting not only insight and moral progress but also a failure of nerve. An enduring consequence of World War I was that the West had lost its self-confidence. This emerging relativism in early twentieth century history and anthropology, as well as some technical doctrines in philosophy ranging from the classical period to the near present must in some sense have prepared the way for PIS.
Of a quite different nature and a little prior to Hegel and Marx would be the romantic hostility to Newtonian science exhibited by William Blake and Goethe. Blake’s phase “single vision and Newton’s sleep” and Goethe’s contempt for Newton’s “mechanistic” color theory parallels a dislike of abstract mathematically oriented science found in PIS, especially (as we shall see below) among feminist sympathizers who like to contrast their own closeness and sympathy with nature with the male urge to “torture” and dominate it.
21 Each is a perfectly rational “discourse” relative to the frame of reference supporting it. From this and other examples a profound epistemological relativism follows, with the result that: It is no more easy to defend non-context dependent, non-culture dependent beliefs of things or objective scientific truths than be19 This is a direct quotation from Sokal’s hoax article, quoted in Sokal and Bricmont (1998), p. 200; but since it expresses one of the characteristic attitudes of the postmodern interpretation of science—and, after all, the article was accepted—we felt at liberty to use it.
Are Science And Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science (Nonlinear Science) by Richard C Brown