By Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle
A complete examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies
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Additional info for Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations
All of Aristotle’s examples Universals with multiple references to particulars of different kinds Universals with multiple references to particulars of the same kind (= Cat. E. 1: power of names) HOMONYMY Dual signiﬁcation of words, contextindependent AMPHIBOLY Dual signiﬁcations of phrases, word signiﬁcation is context-dependent manqºnein tΩ d°onta labeƒn me toØV polem√ouV to£to g inÔskei to£to ˛rø˚ to£to su j‹ ˚ V e∆nai sig Ínta l°gein “the sitting person is standing” “the sick person is healthy” “you will destroy a great realm” “the double Coriscus” 36 FALLACIES DUE TO LANGUAGE of amphiboly could be precluded by tightening certain syntactical rules and making some changes in morphology.
1 power of names to signify many things, this time appearing in the context of amphiboly. It is not a single name that has multiple possible signiﬁcations but an entire predication (“You will destroy a great realm”) that can signify many particular events. Our inclination is to distinguish the multiple references of general names and the multiple instances of general predications from cases of real linguistic ambiguity. Aristotle, though, regards the multiple references of general predicates to issue in more examples of linguistic double meaning.
E. 17 The distinction just drawn between homonymous and amphibolous abuses of the power of common predicates is more easily made in theory than in 32 FALLACIES DUE TO LANGUAGE practice. The problem is that all reasoning is propositional, and a homonymous term that applies to multiple particulars will always occur as part of a general predication. What is the difference between “You will destroy a great realm,” where there may be many possible instances of “a great realm,” and “The sick person is healthy,” where there are many possible instances of “the sick person”?
Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations by Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle